James Armitage, PhD

Dr. James Armitage is a Postdoctoral Banting Fellow with Professor Frank Wania at the University of Toronto Scarborough (2011-2013). He completed his doctoral degree in 2009 at Stockholm University under the supervision of Ian T. Cousins and Michael McLachlan.

His PhD thesis focused on modeling the global fate and transport of perfluorinated surfactants such as PFOS and long-chain perfluorocarboxylic acids (PFCAs) and exploring the influence of physical-chemical property uncertainty on key model outputs such as long-range atmospheric and oceanic transport potential.

He completed his Master’s thesis under the supervision of Professor Frank Gobas modeling the bioaccumulation of organic chemicals in terrestrial food chains. James is actively involved in research developing models to assess the impacts of climate change on contaminant transport and bioaccumulation of ionogenic organic chemicals.

Refereed Publications - James Armitage, PhD

Marvin, C.H.; Tomy, G.T.; Armitage, J.M.; Arnot, J.A.; McCarty, L.; Covaci, A.; Palace, V. Hexabromocyclododecane: Current understanding of chemistry, environmental fate and toxicology and implications for global management. Environ. Sci. Technol. 2011, 45, 8613 – 8623.

Nfon, E.; Cousins, I.T.; Armitage, J.M. Development of a dynamic model for estimating the food web transfer of chemicals in small aquatic ecosystems. Sci. Total Environ. 2011, 409, 5416 – 5422.

Armitage, J.M.; Quinn, C.L., Wania, F. Global climate change and contaminants--an overview of opportunities and priorities for modelling the potential implications for long-term human exposure to organic compounds in the Arctic. J. Environ. Monitor. 2011, 13, 1532 – 1546.

MacLeod, M.; von Waldow, H.; Tay, P.; Armitage, J.M.; Wöhrnschimmel, H.; Riley, W.J.; McKone, T.E.; Hungerbuhler, K. BETR Global – A geographically-explicit global-scale multimedia contaminant fate model. Environ. Pollut. 2011, 159, 1442 – 1445.

Arnot, J.A.; Armitage, J.M.; McCarty, L.S.; Wania, F.; Cousins, I.T.; Toose-Reid, L. Toward a consistent evaluative framework for POP risk characterization. Environ. Sci. Technol. 2011, 45, 97 – 103.

Armitage, J.M.; Schenker, U.; Scheringer, M.; Martin, J.W.; MacLeod, M.; Cousins, I.T. Modeling the global fate and transport of perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) and precursor compounds in relation to temporal trends in wildlife exposure. Environ. Sci. Technol. 2009, 43, 9274 – 9280.

Armitage, J.M.; MacLeod, M.; Cousins, I.T. Comparative assessment of the global fate and transport pathways of long-chain perfluorocarboxylic acids (PFCAs) and perfluorocarboxylates (PFCs) emitted from direct sources. Environ. Sci. Technol. 2009, 43, 5830 – 5836.

Armitage, J.M.; MacLeod, M.; Cousins, I.T. Modeling the global fate and transport of perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) and perfluorooctanoate (PFO) emitted from direct sources using a multispecies mass balance model. Environ. Sci. Technol. 2009, 43, 1134 – 1140.

Armitage, J.M.; McLachlan, M.S.; Wiberg, K.; Jonsson, P. A model assessment of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxin and dibenzofuran sources and fate in the Baltic Sea. Sci. Tot. Environ. 2009, 407, 3784 – 3792.

Armitage, J.M.; Franco, A.; Gomez, S.; Cousins, I.T. Modeling the potential influence of particle deposition on the accumulation of organic contaminants by submerged aquatic vegetation. Environ. Sci. Technol. 2008, 42, 4052 – 4059.

Armitage, J.M.; Cousins, I.T.; Persson, N.J.; Gustafsson, Ö.; Cornelissen, G.; Saloranta, T.; Broman, D.; Næs, K. Black carbon-inclusive modeling approaches for estimating the aquatic fate of dibenzo-p-dioxins and dibenzofurans. Environ. Sci. Technol. 2008, 42, 3697 – 3703.

Saloranta, T.M.; Armitage, J.M.; Heikki, H.; Næs, K.; Cousins, I.T.; Barton, D.N. Modeling the effects and uncertainties of contaminated sediment remediation scenarios in a Norwegian fjord by Markov Chain Monte Carlo simulation. Environ. Sci. Technol. 2008, 42, 200 – 206.

Hauck, M.; Huijbregts, M.A.J.; Armitage, J.M.; Cousins, I.T.; Ragas, A.M.J.; van de Meent, D. Model and input uncertainty in multi-media fate modeling: Benzo[a]pyrene concentrations in Europe. Chemosphere 2008, 72, 959 – 967.

Armitage, J.M.; Gobas, F.A.P.C. A terrestrial food-chain bioaccumulation model for POPs. Environ. Sci. Technol. 2007, 41, 4019 – 4025.

Armitage, J.M.; Cousins, I.T.; Hauck, M.; Harbers, J.V.; Huijbregts, M.A.J. Empirical evaluation of spatial and non-spatial European-scale multimedia fate models: results and implications for chemical risk assessment. J. Environ. Monit. 2007, 9, 572 – 581.

Armitage, J.; Cousins, I.T.; Buck, R.C.; Prevedouros, J.; Russell, M.H.; Macleod, M.; Korzeniowski, S.H. Modeling global-scale fate and transport of perfluorooctanoate emitted from direct sources. Environ. Sci. Technol. 2006, 40, 6969 – 6975.

Armitage, J.M.; Hanson, M.; Axelman, J.; Cousins, I.T. Levels and vertical distribution of PCBs in agricultural and natural soils from Sweden. Sci. Tot. Environ. 2006, 371, 344 – 352.